How 3D simulation can help Indian EV startups make safer vehicles and boost employment

In the ongoing wave of EV startups, new models are being introduced at a pace that can easily be compared to the smartphone industry. The growing demand and ease of entry into the industry mean proper research and development of each component needs to be done with the help of specialized processes. The recent cases of EV scooters catching fire, are a stark example of the risks involved in products that are assembled with third-party parts from different, sometimes unvetted manufacturers and sold to consumers. This new generation of vehicles needs OEMs and suppliers to rethink the way EVs are engineered.

Dassault Systèmes render

Simply put, the integration of these new technologies has also given the emergence of new development processes. And that is where modern tools like 3D simulation software can help legitimise prototypes even before they take their physical form. French software developer Dassault Systèmes SE has been working closely with Indian EV startups such as SimpleEnergy and OEMs like Mahindra Electric, Ashok Leyland and Volvo Eicher. Their 3D simulation software such as SIMULIA and CATIA, capable of advanced real-life computing… helps manufacturers proof-test each component at the simulation stage itself. Therefore bringing down R&D costs, time and ensuring that industry standards are met.

Shree Harsha, India Marketing Director, Dassault Systemes stated, ‘So what does it mean? let say you have a battery pack in 3D simulation featuring data of its chemistry and material characteristics and also its drive cycle. This lets you determine that, okay, this particular scooter is going to be run at temperatures of 45 to 50 degrees. This will allow correct development for the sort of packaging we might need for the battery if it is getting exposed to, let’s say quite a lot of thermal conditions and determine how the battery material would behave under these situations. ‘

Shree Harsha, Director- India Marketing and Communications & Strategic Planning, Dassault Systèmes

In this digital era, leveraging such emerging technology for EV development is not only restricted to established players. These technologies are easily accessible on the cloud to small startups with fractional investments. Dassault’s own startup incubator called the ‘3D experience lab’ has helped newcomers such as Offgrid Energy, a startup which plans to commercially launch ZincGel batteries in India by 2023.
Simulation technology enables EV developers to answer a lot of ‘What ifs?’ at the development stage itself. They can be used to determine important factors such as the aging cycle of a battery in one year, change in performance of a battery over time, the effect of repeated hard acceleration on battery parameters, the effect of external damage on internal parts and so on. . These new development processes can make our EVs safer and more reliable, they are also likely to change the workforce of the industry. The shift can potentially spark a rise in demand for a talented workforce that can digitise processes. Demand for software engineers, developers and analysts is set to rise as the industry progresses. Hence, developing and training our own skilled force in the component area is now crucial, as it takes the dependency of Indian manufacturers and startups away from other countries such as China.

Dassault Systèmes render


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